Chronic lower respiratory disease mainly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease copd is the fourth leading cause of death in the us while tobacco smoke is the primary cause 1 in 4 people with copd have never smoked air pollutants at home secondhand smoke at work fumes and genetics can also cause copd. Chronic lower respiratory disease primarily copd was the third leading cause of death in the united states in 2014 1 almost 157 million americans 64 reported that they have been diagnosed with copd 2 more than 50 of adults with low pulmonary function were not aware that they had copd 3 so the actual number may be higher the following groups were more likely to report copd in 2013 2. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease copd afflicts 24 million us residents and is the 4th leading cause of death 12 copd exacerbations add considerably to that burden because they cause frequent hospitalizations and readmissions contribute directly to the death of many patients dramatically reduce quality of life consume the majority of resources used to manage copd and may hasten . Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease includes chronic bronchitis in which the bronchi large air passages are inflamed and scarred and emphysema in which the alveoli tiny air sacs are damaged it develops over many years and is usually caused by cigarette smoking. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease copd which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema is a long term lung disease that makes it hard to breathe the disease affects millions of americans and is the third leading cause of disease related death in the us the good news is copd is often preventable and treatable
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